How to Draw the Head – Front View
If you haven’t seen part 1 of this series,
click on this video link. The Loomis method shows its true power in dynamic
angles like the 3/4 I demonstrated in part 1 But, it still works on flat angles like
the front and profile. I’ll start with that circle for the cranium,
and chop off the sides. Remember, the height of the side plane should be 2/3 of the circle.
From the front, you can still see a very thin piece of each side plane, since the front
of the head is thinner than the side. Now let’s determine whether the person is
looking up, down, or straight ahead. A good way to do this is by looking at the distance
from ear to brow. If the ear is below the brow, then the person is looking up and the
brow line will be above the center of the circle. And the opposite if the ears are above
the brow. If they are at the same level, then the person is looking straight ahead and the
brow will be in the middle of the circle. Earlier we established the side plane as 2/3
of the circle. This is important because half of that side plane is a third of the face.
So, we can take that distance and drop it from the brow to find the bottom of the nose.
And again to find the bottom of the chin. Bring it up from the brow to the hairline. Then attach the jaw to the cranium. The sides
of the jaw usually get thinner at the bottom. Establish the width of the chin and complete
the jaw. Add the centerline and the neck. the front view is the only angle when the
center line is actually in the center of the head shape. Usually it will be further towards
the direction the person is looking. The ears sit in the middle third and usually
end at the outside of the original circle. I promise, after I cover all the angles, I
WILL do videos on the features. Aaand… Done. Let’s do that again with a subtle down-tilt.
Start with the cranium, side planes, and brow-line below the center. Before we add the thirds, let’s take a little
side trip and explore FORESHORTENING. “Foreshortening occurs when an object appears
compressed when seen from a particular viewpoint, and the effect of perspective causes distortion.”
This can easily be seen when looking at a flat surface, like a book. When looking directly
at the book, we see its full length. But, if we move to a different angle, perspective
distorts its length. As things go further away from us, they appear smaller. See that?
That’s foreshortening. Applying this concept to the face, means that
our “perfect thirds” will now be distorted. The third closest to us (in this case the
forehead) will be just about the same as half of the side plane. And the other two thirds
will get progressively smaller. Attach the jaw, neck and centerline. The ears
are very important in this case because they help to show the down-tilt. Always put them
in the bottom half of the oval. And of course, the features. Did you like this video? Your friends might
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